Prof. Tim McAloone
Technical University of Denmark, DK
Designing for sustainability via science-based decision support: charting a path for engineering designers
It is no longer a question, for most, that sustainability is one of the largest challenges of our time. Global recognition of the need for sustainability transition has never been stronger and it is now possible to find agreement and commitments at global, regional, societal and company levels, towards at least some of the highly needed goals and targets to reduce mankind’s environmental footprint on the globe and its surrounding atmosphere.
To develop a sustainable society, we must satisfy the needs of current and coming generations within the operating spaces defined by the tolerance limits of our planet and its ecosystems. This calls for the development of solutions that: radically reduce our generation of climate burdening gases; decouple value creation from resource consumption; strive to eliminate the toxicity stress induced on our land, waterways and material cycles; and that address the accelerating crisis of biodiversity loss.
Technology – and the design of the same – can play a prominent role in enabling sustainability transition, but how to choose today, the correct technologies of tomorrow? Only by combining the wisdom of a systemic understanding of the problems and solutions of today, with systematic and strategic approaches towards sustainability transition, do we stand a chance of succeeding with the audacious sustainability goals that are emerging in these years.
And the role of the designer? This is huge. The engineering designer can orchestrate the transition from analysis to synthesis, forming accounts of the present into the concepts of the future. The engineering designer must operate on all levels, from materials, through components and products, all the way to the complex infrastructural systems. And the engineering designer must make choices of sustainability strategy, contextual tactics and operational tools.
This keynote will help to understand the sustainability needs of our time, seen from the lens of the engineering designer. It will highlight the science-based approaches under development, with pointers to their potential. And it will show examples of how design is already contributing to sustainability solutions, today. Finally, speculation will be made, as to which areas we are currently lacking, with respect to research and concerted action, to achieve the sustainability balance necessary to support life within acceptable planetary limits.
Tim McAloone is Professor of Sustainable Product/Service-Systems at Technical University of Denmark. He works closely with Danish and international industry, creating new methods and models for a wide range of sustainability issues, such as circular economy, sustainable design, eco-innovation. He leads numerous research activities focusing on sustainability through design. The manufacturing industry and industrial companies are Tim’s main research object and his international network spans very broadly.
Tim is regularly invited as keynote speaker at international conferences and is an active debater on sustainability transition. He currently serves in his fourth year as President of the Design Society, is Founding Executive Committee Member of the DTU Centre for Absolute Sustainability, and is an active board member or advisor, in numerous organisations.
Tim has his PhD from Cranfield University (1998), where he studied the integration of eco-design strategies into industry. He has also served as guest professor at Stanford University working with sustainable product/service innovation.
Manufacturing Academy of Denmark (MADE), DK
Manufacturing Academy of Denmark
MADE is the Danish Cluster for Advanced Manufacturing We are the hub for the creation of solutions for tomorrow’s manufacturing businesses through research, innovation and education. MADE is a certified Gold Cluster and is designated the Danish Cluster for Advanced Manufacturing by the Danish Ministry of Higher Education and Science and the Danish Board of Business Development. MADE works closely with the other Danish national clusters tasked with facilitating collaboration between researchers and companies and thereby channelling increased innovation community-wide. MADE’s field of strength is advanced manufacturing. We connect manufacturing companies, RTOs and higher-education institutions through innovative partnerships, projects and activities involving stakeholders from all over Denmark and all industries, regardless of company size, in order to generate, apply, and share manufacturing expertise and know-how to enable Denmark to compete globally. MADE was established in 2014 when companies, foundations, associations, and science and technology research centres joined forces to create a national platform for boosting Danish manufacturing.
Prof. Ole Sigmund
Technical University of Denmark, DK
Topology optimization in mechanical design
Topology Optimization (TO) as an inverse design tool in mechanical design has developed tremendously over the last decades. This progress has, a.o., been fueled by the developments in additive manufacturing (AM). TO and AM complement each other perfectly, with TO delivering complex and efficient designs that take advantage of the geometrical freedom provided by AM.
The talk will give an overview of the TO field and its recent developments, a.o. taking advantage of advanced infill capabilities provided by AM processes. Then it will proceed to discuss the use of TO for generating tailored force-displacement responses for multi-material compliant mechanisms and metamaterials including self-contact.
Ole Sigmund is a Professor and Villum Investigator at the Section of Solid Mechanics, Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark (DTU). He obtained his Ph.D.-degree 1994 and Habilitation in 2001 and has held research positions at University of Essen and Princeton University. He is a member of the Danish Academy of Technical Sciences and the Royal Academy of Science and Letters (Denmark) and is the former President (2011-15, now EC member) of ISSMO (International Society of Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization) and former Chairman of DCAMM (Danish Center for Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 2004-2010). Recently, he was elected as the academic representative in the DTU Board of Governors. Ole Sigmund is one of the founders and main contributor to the development of topology optimization methods in academia and industry. Present research interests include theoretical extensions and applications of topology optimization methods to mechanics, multiphysics and metamaterial problems under the consideration of manufacturing constraints and multiple length scales.
Prof. Dame Jane Jiang
University of Huddersfield, UK
Photonic metasurfaces for precision metrology – A perspective
Metasurfaces, artificially structured surfaces covered in sub-wavelength elements, provide a way in which amplitude, phase, and polarisation light can be precisely manipulated, but without the size and weight required by traditional optical components. In addition, metasurfaces can be manufactured on membranes or thin substrates and by modifying the size and shape of the individual elements across a surface, different functionalities can be realised.
This talk will report on recent developments of metasurfaces for precision metrology applications and outline how photonic metasurfaces have the potential to revolutionise optical sensor technology by supporting sensor integration through miniaturisation and enhanced functionality. Finally, we discuss some of the challenges for harnessing photonic metasurface as engineered components in real-world systems and articulate the research challenges and opportunities for future precision metrology.
Professor Dame Jane Jiang holds a Royal Academy of Engineering/Renishaw Chair in Precision Metrology and is the Director of the UK Future Metrology Hub. She obtained her PhD in measurement science, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China in 1995; a DSc for precision engineering, University of Huddersfield in 2007; and received an honorary DSc from City, University of London in 2019. She is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering and the International Academy of Production Research (CIRP). She has previously held a Royal Society Wolfson Merit Award and ERC Advanced Grant. She received a Damehood in the Queen’s birthday honours list in 2017. She has a broad range of interests in advanced metrology, which span mathematics modelling and data analytics for surface geometry and texture, their in-situ and in-process measurement technologies, particularly photonic metasurface-enabled optical sensor and instrument design.