Prof. Piero Martin
University of Padua, Dept. of Physics and Consorzio RFX, Padua, Italy
Magnetic confinement nuclear fusion: status, challenges and perspectives
In the quest for sustainable global energy scenarios controlled thermonuclear fusion represents an important option. Fusion, the process that drives the sun and the stars, is clean, carbon-free, safe, does not contribute to nuclear proliferation and uses fuel, which is abundant and ubiquitous like water and lithium.
This talk will describe the status, the challenges and the perspectives of the research on magnetic confinement fusion, i.e. that approach to fusion where the fuel in the plasma state is confined in toroidal vacuum chamber by a magnetic field.
The major world economies are performing research on magnetic fusion, and the flagship project is ITER. ITER is an experiment, which is designed to demonstrate the scientific feasibility of magnetic fusion and is under construction in France. China, the European Union, India, Japan, Korea, Russia and the United States are engaged to build and operate ITER.
The talk will in particular focus on industrial innovation, progressive research and technology developments connected with magnetic fusion research. State-of-the-art examples will be presented, including the new DTT device, whose construction in Italy has recently been approved.
Biography: Piero Martin is full professor of physics at the Physics and Astronomy Department of the University of Padova, Italy and an active researcher in the field of controlled thermonuclear fusion at Consorzio RFX. He is Fellow of the American Physical Society, member of the European Physical Society, elected member of the EPS Division of Plasma Physics Board and has a broad international research and academic experience. Author of more than 120 papers in international journals, is presently serving in the Executive Board of the DTT fusion experiment. He is also active in science popularization.